Human Rights

In 1948, Canada signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and since then has made Human Rights and important aspect of Canadian law

There are four key mechanisms that promote human rights law in Canadian society.
  • The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a binding legal document protecting the rights of all Canadians.
  • The Canadian Human Rights Act was enacted in 1978 and makes discrimination in employment or the provision of goods illegal based on 11 grounds: race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, marital status, family status, pardoned conviction, disability, and sexual orientation.
  • The Canadian Human Rights Commission administers the Human Rights Act and the Employment Equity Act
  • Each province also has their own Human Rights Act (or code or charter) that covers organizations not falling under the Canadian Human Rights Act.

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